Sunday, 6 November 2011

Writing

The main types of writings that students are supposed to write in the baccalaureate exam are:
  • Cause and effect essays
  • Argumentative essays
  • Comparison and contrast essays
  • Descriptive essays
It’s very important to know the use of linking words so as to make your essay cohesive and coherent. Besides, try to write as simply as possible. Don’t try to be Shakespeare, be just yourself. “Keep it simple and stupid” As Americans say. Write simple sentences because long sentences are difficult to control. Then, connect them with linking words which are like spices in cooking. They will make your composition like a delicious dish.

Let’s look at the different types of sentences:
  • Simple sentences:
A simple sentence is a sentence which has a subject and a verb.
Examples:
I live in Morocco.
They speak English very well.
I often give my friends present on their birthdays.
They travelled to Agadir last summer.
We are listening to Rai music.

  • A compound sentence contains independent clauses joined by:  and, or, but, so.

I watched a movie, and my brother played computer games.
She was tall, but her sister was short.
They can play in basketball, or go swimming.
It was very cold, so I stayed at home.
  • A complex sentence is a sentence which has a principal clause and one or more subordinate clauses. A complex sentence has always a subordinator, such as: because, because of, due to, as , since

Because it was cold, I put on my coat.
I put on my coat because of the cold.
Due to the cold, I put on my coat.
I put on my coat due to the cold.

  • CAUSE AND EFFECT ESSAYS:
LINKING WORDS:
Because, because of, due to, as, since, therefore, consequently, thus, for this reason, that’s why, as a result, so

  • INTRODUCTION: From general to specific

  • PARAGRAPH 1: CAUSE 1 and its effects

  • PARAGRAPH 2: CAUSE 2 and its effects

  • PARAGRAPH 3: CAUSE 3 and its effects

  • CONCLUSION: We sum up the points discussed in paragraph 1, 2, and 3 and we give our point of view.
Example:
Why do children drop out of school?
  • INTRODUCTION: School is generally related to EDUCATION. Therefore, we are going to talk about education in general and end it up with our topic which is why children drop out of school.
  • PARAGRAPH 1: CAUSE 1: the distance which separates school from home.
EFFECTS:
  • Children have to cover a long distance
  • Roads get muddy when it is rainy
  • They get cut off from during inundations
  • PARAGRAPH 2: CAUSE 2: Poverty
EFFECTS:
  • Parents can’t afford buying educational stationery
  • Parent can’t afford buying clothes for their children

  • PARAGRAPH 3: CAUSE 3: Family problems.
EFFECTS:
  • Domestic violence
  • Parents’ drug addiction
  • Divorce

  • CONCLUSION: We sum up the points discussed in paragraph 1,2, and 3 and we give our point of view.

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