When we are explaining things, we use Noun + To Be + Noun:
- English is a language. (Noun + To Be + Noun)
- A chicken is a bird. (Noun + To Be + Noun)
Singular Noun + IS + Singular NounWe use IS between the two singular nouns.
- Champagne is a drink.
- Paris is a city.
- France is a country.
- French is a language.
- Europe is a continent.
Articles + Nouns'A' or 'AN' are articles. In English we normally use articles before singular nouns.
A is used before a word that begins with a consonant.
AN is used before a word that begins with a vowel.
Vowels: A, E, I, O, U.
Consonants: B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, Z.
- Chile is a country. (A before consonant)
- Santiago is a city. (A before consonant)
- An apple is a fruit (A before consonant)
- A dog is an animal. (AN before vowel)
- A mosquito is an insect. (AN before vowel)
- Qantas is an airline. (AN before vowel)
Plural Noun + Are + Plural NounSingular Noun + IS + Singular Noun
Plural Noun + ARE + Plural Noun
Note that we do not use an article (A / AN) with a plural noun.
See our grammar notes about making Plural Nouns - Regular & Irregular.
- A dog is an animal. (singular)
- Dogs are animals. (plural)
- Spanish is a language. (singular)
- Spanish and Italian are languages. (plural)
- Cities are places. (plural)
- Countries are states. (plural)