As you know adjectives are used to describe the nouns and here I wish to show you that they are also used to compare two or more different objects while describing them. Here are two rules for use in such comparison:
1. Positive, Comparative & Superlative
The Positive is used when speaking of or describing an object, eg. short, big.
The Comparative is used when comparing two objects and is formed by adding “-er” to the Positive, e.g. shorter, bigger.
The Superlative is used when speaking of more than two objects and is formed by adding “-est” to the Positive e.g. shortest, biggest.
The following are exceptions to the rule which you will have to learn by heart.
- Peter is shorter than his brother by almost a head.
- He is the least surprised over the news compared to the others.
- I am older than you by 5 years.
- Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
2. Using “More” & “Most” for adjectives with two or more syllables
Generally for adjectives of two or more syllables “more” is used comparatively, and “most” is used superlatively, e.g. careful, more careful, most careful.
|beautiful||more beautiful||most beautiful|
|brilliant||more brilliant||most brilliant|
|cautious||more cautious||most cautious|
|comfortable||more comfortable||most comfortable|
|generous||more generous||most generous|
|gracious||more gracious||most gracious|
|handsome||more handsome||most handsome|
|ignorant||more ignorant||most ignorant|
- This sofa is the most comfortable among all displayed in the showroom.
- Sally is more beautiful now compared to herself before the makeover.
- Kelly is the most brilliant kid in the whole classroom.
- Uncle Sam is the most generous among the members of this big family.